manage their differences and translate the rhetoric of partnership into tangible gains. How the Far East Was Lost: American Policy and the Creation of Communist China, Anthony Kubek, George.
Russia and China also remain focused on the increasingly fragile situation on the Korean Peninsula. Later, in the 13th century, both Africa and India became great centers of Islamic civilization and soon thereafter Muslim kingdoms were established in the Malay-Indonesian world while Chinese Muslims flourished throughout China. On September 4, 1952, President Truman issued Executive Order 10393, establishing a Clemency and Parole Board for War Criminals. Beijing, for example, recognizes the need to accommodate Russian interests and sensitivities to ensure that its vision for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI which is solidifying Chinas economic dominance in Central Asia, will bring benefits to Russia.